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Globalization, Forest Resurgence, and Environmental Politics in El Salvador

Background

El Salvador was seen as a classic case study of population growth, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity, yet contemporary studies have not supported these claims. Instead, it has been found that forest cover in El Salvador today is actually greater than previously estimated, including remnant forest, reforested areas, plantations, smallholder and NTFP plantations. This resource explores the potential drivers for this unsuspected reforestation.

Open access copy available

Implications of Country-Level Decisions on the Specification of Crown Cover in the Definition of Forests for Land Area Eligible for Afforestation and Reforestation Activities in the CDM

background

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The Evolution of Reforestation in Brazil

background

This article describes the history of incentives for reforestation in Brazil from the 1970s through 2001.

Open access copy available

Manual de reforestación con especies nativas

Open access copy available

Maya Nut Reforestation

Background

Maya Nut is an NGO that seeks to find balance between people, forests, and food. While they do not run a reforestation program directly, they do work closely with communities to reforest degraded lands throughout Latin America. The mission of the program is to conserve the Maya nut tree, Brosimum alicastrum, by planting trees and teaching rural and indigenous women to harvest and process the seed for food and income.

Open access copy available

CHOCO2-Maquipucuna Foundation

BACKGROUND

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Payments for Environmental Services in Latin America as a Tool for Restoration and Rural Development

Background

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The Apparent Paradox of Reestablishing Species Richness on Degraded Lands with Tree Monocultures

background

This article discusses the use of tropical tree plantations as an approach to rehabilitation of degraded landscapes. For extremely degraded sites, the use of plantations may provide the proper shade, microclimate and protection for other species to colonize the understory. Research on the use of plantations in restoration is discussed, with examples primarily from Puerto Rico.

Open access copy available

Bioecologia de Arboles Nativos y Exoticos de Puerto Rico and Las Indias Occidentales (Silvics of Native and Exotic Trees of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean Islands)

 

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Sobre

Esta base de datos fue publicada en Junio del 2000 por el USDA y el US Forest Service como recurso para la identificación y propagación de árboles nativos y exóticos de Puerto Rico y el Caribe.

Open access copy available

Tree Atlas of Panama: Trees, Shrubs, and Palms

About

The Tree Atlas of Panama is a digital database established by the Center for Tropical Forest Science and the Smithsonian Tropical Resource Institute that aims to help with the identification of trees, shrubs, and palms of Panama. 

Open access copy available

Coffee Agroforestry Systems in Central America: I. A Review of Quantitative Information on Physiological and Ecological Processes

Background

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Cultural Assessment of Reforestation Practices in Rural Eastern Paraguay

background

This master's thesis examines reforestation projects in eastern Paraguay with the aim of improving the methods of agroforestry extensionists. It describes the geography and historical background of Paraguay, including information on economic and environmental problems. It then provides a detailed site description of the study community and reforestation programs in rural Paraguay generally.

Open access copy available

An Ethnographic Study of Tree-Planting Successes and Failures by Small Farmers in Paraguay

background

This thesis outlines the characteristics of farmers that successfully implement forestry projects in eastern Paraguay. The work begins by providing background information on the geographical, political, and social aspects of Paraguay and the focal community, as well as a summary of the literature on agroforestry. 

Open access copy available

Adaptación de los bosques tropicales al cambio climático: una oportunidad para la investigación interdisciplinaria (Adaptation of tropical forests to climate change: an opportunity for interdisciplinary research)

 

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Antecedentes

Este estudio resume conceptos relacionados a la adaptación de bosques tropicales al cambio climático. Además, examina como el manejo forestal sustentable puede contribuir para este fin, y el rol de la investigación para generar información nueva.

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Secuestro de carbono a través de plantaciones de eucalipto en el trópico húmedo (Carbon sequestration through Eucalypt plantations in the humid tropics)

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Restauración de Bosques en territorios indígenas de Chiapas: modelos ecológicos y estrategias de acción (Restoration of forests in Indigenous territories of Chiapas: ecological models and action strategies)

Español

Antecedentes

Open access copy available

Sistemas silvopastoriles como una herramienta para el mejoramiento de la productividad y restauración de la integridad ecológica de paisajes ganaderos

Español

Antecedentes

Open access copy available

Restauração de áreas degradadas: a nucleação como base para incrementar os processos sucessionais (Restoration of degraded areas: nucleation as a base for augmenting successional processes)

This article includes a general discussion of the rationale and theory behind nucleation as a way to facilitate forest restoration. The authors explain various nucleation techniques, including soil transfer, direct seeding and hydro-seeding, artificial poles, transfer of branches and organic matter, the planting of seedlings in islands of high diversity, and the collection of seeds for maintenance of genetic variability

Open access copy available

Impacto humano afeta negativamente a dispersão de sementes de frutos ornitocóricos: uma perspectiva global (Human impact affects negatively the seed dispersal in ornithochorous fruits: a global perspective)

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Tecnología para la reforestación en América Latina (Reforestation technology in Latin America)

Open access copy available