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Restoration pathways for rain forest in southwest Sri Lanka: A review of concepts and models

Background

In the last 10 years government policy towards remaining rain forest in Sri Lanka has changed from one that promoted commercial exploitation to one of conservation, recognizing the growing importance of uplands as catchments for water production, biodiversity conservation and other downstream services. This review article discusses recent research on rain forest dynamics of southwest Sri Lanka with the objective of how this knowledge can be used for forest restoration.

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Participatory Forestry as a Strategy for Reforestation in Bangladesh

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This article describes Bangladesh's history of reforestation programs, notes the rarity of their success, and provides suggestions for future programs.

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Release from Root Competition Promotes Tree Seedling Survival and Growth Following Transplantation into Human-Induced Grasslands in Sri Lanka

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This study evaluates the growth and survival of four native tree species planted as seedlings in grasslands situated in previously abandoned tea plantations.

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Role of Legumes in Release of Successionally Arrested Grasslands inthe Central Hills of Sri Lanka

Background

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Effect of Reforestation using Tectona grandis on Infiltration and Soil Water Retention

Background

In this study, researchers examine the effect of teak (Tectona grandis) reforestation on soil infiltration and water retention in Sri Lanka. They compare the reforested site (12 years after planting) with a corn field and an abandoned pasture dominated by Imperata cylindrica grass.

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Quantitative Assessment of People-Oriented Forestry in Bangladesh: A Case Study in the Tangail Forest Division

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This research evaluates the profitability of three different types of plantation - strip, agroforestry, and woodlot - grown via a people-oriented forestry program in Bangladesh.

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REDD+ Readiness Implications for Sri Lanka in Terms of Reducing Deforestation

Background

This study constructs a historical reference level of emissions from deforestation in Sri Lanka using available forest inventory data and in situ carbon density data. It also attempts to identify drivers of deforestation in Sri Lanka and to estimate the opportunity cost and possible climate benefits of forest conservation.

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Teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f): Its Natural Distribution and Related Factors

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This paper provides an introduction to the distribution and growth of teak in its natural habitat in India, Burma, Thailand and Laos.

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Monitoring of Carbon Abatement in Forestry Projects - Case Study of Western Ghat Project

Background

The forestry sector is increasingly being turned to as a means to address greenhouse gases, particularly in the tropics. Due to this, it is critical to conduct monitoring that measures, records, and verifies the amount of carbon sequestered or emmissions avoided through these forestry schemes. 

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Carbon Sequestration Potential of Indian Forests

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While deforestation in the tropics is a common subject of concern, India has retained a net positive afforestation rate from 1951-2000, with greatest gains after 1980. These efforts have afforested 35 MHa.

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Accelerating tropical forest restoration through the selective removal of pioneer species

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This study presents initial findings on the impact of thinning on recovery of a selectively logged secondary forest in Sumatra. The study tests the hypothesis that thinning of pioneer species will produce stands with greater proportional basal area of late-successional species, effectively accelerating succession of the stand. 

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The role of ecological theory and practice in poverty alleviation and environmental conservation

Background

This review emphasized the roles and tools of ecologists that would be helpful in poverty alleviation internationally.  Specifically, knowledge of sustainable sources of energy, provision of clean water, functional traits of vegetation, and design of agro-forestry systems were cited as examples of knowledge that would be helpful for cross-disciplinary strategies.

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The political economy of reforestation and forest restoration in Asia–Pacific: Critical issues for REDD+

Background

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Birds of the Man Made Ecosystems: the Plantations

Background

The authors compare bird diversity in Uttara Kannada, India, comparing intact evergreen and secondary moist deciduous forests to teak, eucaplypts and betelnut plantations with the intent of addressing two questions: what level of diversity can a plantation support and how to species compositions compare to nearby forests?

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Jatropha plantations for biodiesel in Tamil Nadu, India: Viability, livelihood trade-offs, and latent conflict

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Limited effects of tree planting on forest canopy cover and rural livelihoods in rural India

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Ecologies of the colonial present: Pathological forestry from the taux de boisement to civilized plantations

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