Areca catechu

Birds of the Man Made Ecosystems: the Plantations


The authors compare bird diversity in Uttara Kannada, India, comparing intact evergreen and secondary moist deciduous forests to teak, eucaplypts and betelnut plantations with the intent of addressing two questions: what level of diversity can a plantation support and how to species compositions compare to nearby forests?

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Potential of Agroforestry and Plantation Systems in Indonesia for Carbon Stocks: an Economic Perspective


This article discusses the potential for carbon sequestration services in various agroforestry systems in Indonesia. The systems specifically discussed include shade based coffee (Coffea robusta), fruit based coffee, timber based coffee, rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), pinang (Areca catechu), mango (Mangifera indica), macang (Mangifera spp), candle nut (Aleurites moluccana), durian (Durio zibethinus), duku (Lansium domesticum), and sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) systems.

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The Lembo System: A Model for Agroforestry in Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems of East Kalimantan


This article describes the Lembo system of agroforestry, a traditional practice by the Dayak people in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. In Lembo gardens, around 127 species of woody plants are cultivated, and up to 40 different species can be found per 0.25 ha 90% of which are trees. In those gardens, there is also a large diversity of wild, uncultivated plants.

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