Spondias axillaris

Helping Forests to Help Themselves—Accelerating Natural Regeneration

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This chapter walks through the basic techniques of accelerated (or assisted) natural regeneration (ANR), describing when it is appropriate, when it should be combined with other techniques, how to increase the seed rain, and areas of needed research.

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Direct Seeding for Forest Restoration on Abandoned Agricultural Land in Northern Thailand

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One problem with using direct seeding in reforestation is the predation and desiccation of the seeds. In this research, authors tested the effect of scarification, burial, mulch application, and scarification with burial to determine the germination speed of four native species (Sapindus rarak, Lithocarpus elegans, Spondias axillaris, Erythrina subumbrans) in northern Thailand.

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Propagating Framework Trees to Restore Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in Northern Thailand

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One issue of concern in native species reforestation is the lack of information on propagation and nursery practices of native seeds and seedlings.

Research Goals & Methods

This research presents data on the germination and performance of ten native species that were formerly classified as possible "framework" species to be used in reforestation in northern Thailand.

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Propagating Framework Tree Species to Restore Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest: Implications of Seasonal Seed Dispersal and Dormancy

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This paper evaluates the seed germination characteristics of native tree species selected for reforestation in Thailand and cultivated in nurseries.

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Selecting seed trees for a forest restoration program: A case study using Spondias axillaris

Background

Framework tree species are indigenous forest tree species, planted to complement and accelerate natural regeneration of forest ecosystems and encourage biodiversity recovery, on degraded sites. Spondias axillaris Roxb. (Anacardiaceae) is an exceptionally effective framework tree species for restoring seasonal tropical forest ecosystems to degraded sites throughout south and southeast Asia. This study identifies criteria for selection superior parent seed trees, based on nursery performance and field establishment, using Spondias axillaris as a case study.

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Selecting framework tree species for restoring seasonally dry tropical forests in northern Thailand based on field performance

Background

Framework tree species are indigenous forest tree species, planted to complement and accelerate natural regeneration of forest ecosystems and encourage biodiversity recovery, on degraded sites. This study tests the extent to which 37 native forest tree species might act as framework tree species to accelerate recovery of evergreen, seasonal forest in a degraded upper watershed in Doi Suthep-Pui National Park in northern Thailand.

Open access copy available
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