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Ecology of Tree Seed and Seedlings: Implications for Tropical Forest Conservation and Restoration

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This article reviews literature concerning germination and seedling growth pertinent to tropical forest conservation and restoration, examining the various processes and factors that seeds are exposed to.

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Explaining Success on the Commons: Community Forest Governance in the Indian Himalaya

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This study describes how a range of causal influences shape forest conditions in diverse ecological and institutional settings in the Indian Himalaya.

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Social and Ecological Synergy: Local Rulemaking, Forest Livelihoods, and Biodiversity Conservation

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Forest Conservation, Afforestation and Reforestation in India: Implications for Forest Carbon Stocks

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This article presents an assessment of the implications of past and current forest conservation and regeneration policies and programmes for forest carbon sinks in India.

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Forest Transition Pathways in Asia – Studies from Nepal, India, Thailand, and Cambodia

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This study draws on data from Nepal, India, Thailand, and Cambodia to examine trajectories of forest-cover change along gradients of deforestation and reforestation.

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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) Projects: Lessons for Future Policy Design and Implementation

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This study reviews six representative Reducing Emissions through Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiatives, two each from Africa, Asia and Latin America, by presenting their strengths, weakensses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT).

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Drivers of Regrowth in South Asia's Human-Impacted Forests

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This study is an assessment of institutional factors and human drivers that impact forest management and cover change in developing countries, focusing on Nepal and India.

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Afforestation and Reforestation Projects in South and South-East Asia Under the Clean Development Mechanism: Trends and Development Opportunities

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The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was created as part of the 2007 Kyoto Protocol to assist countries in achieving both development and sustainability. Afforestation and reforestation (AR) projects are a part of the CDM protocal, but can be challenging to implement and measure.

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Integrating National Forestry Initiatives in India with International Climate Change Policy

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This study reviews forest policies in India (eg. 1988 Forest Policy, 1990 Joint Forest Management, and 2006 Recognition of Forest Rights) and their impacts to assess how they can complement and inform international climate change mitigation instruments. It also seeks to determine how communities can sustain their system of forest management and retain/obtain rights to land and resources under these instruments.

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Assessing the Mitigation Potential of Forestry Activities in a Changing Climate: A Case Study for Karnataka

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The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol has two goals: promote climate mitigation activities that offset carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere, and promote sustainable economic development. Afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects can often meet these two goals simultaneously. India, which ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2002, has sought to implement A/R projects as part of the CDM.

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Forest conservation, afforestation, and reforestation in India: Implications for forest carbon stocks

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Considering India’s goal to have 1/3 of their land area forested by 2012, this article assesses the implications of past and current forest conservation and regeneration policies and carbon stock programs.

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Drivers of Reforestation in Human-Dominated Forests

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The country of Nepal is examined as a case study for forest cover change, as it has experienced a shift towards an increase in forest cover in recent years. This study examines forests across Nepal in order to provide a framework of social factors useful for understanding this trend.

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Environmentality: Community, Intimate Government, and the Making of Environmental Subjects in Kumaon, India

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Agrawal writes about the relationship between government and subjectivity, particularly about the processes that create “environmental subjects” (people who care about the environment), using an example of changing interests in forest protection following the creation of community-forest management groups in Kumaon, India.

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Social Capital in Biodiversity Conservation and Management

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The article begins with a description of the opposing views of the roles of smallholders in conservation strategies.  On the one hand they directly use resources that external agencies attempt to protect, on the other hand these people have intimate knowledge of these systems.  Thus leading to the question, “Could local people play a greater role in biodiversity conservation and management?” (Pretty, 2004).

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Birds of the Man Made Ecosystems: the Plantations

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The authors compare bird diversity in Uttara Kannada, India, comparing intact evergreen and secondary moist deciduous forests to teak, eucaplypts and betelnut plantations with the intent of addressing two questions: what level of diversity can a plantation support and how to species compositions compare to nearby forests?

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Safety Nets, Gap Filling and Forests: A Global-Comparative Perspective

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This paper seeks to prove how forests and wildlands are utilized in developing countries as safety nets to shocks, and how they provide resources for seasonal gap filling. The study was carried out in various developing countries in different continents. Areas where there is no forest at all were excluded and those completely forest covered such as those dominated by hunter- gatherers were not considered.

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Carbon farming with bamboos in Africa: A call for action

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Fairly efficient, efficiently fair: Lessons from designing and testing payment schemes for ecosystem services in Asia

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Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) is defined as a market-based approach yet the authors argue that it cannot be generalized or implements and often suffers due to the commoditization of these services.

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Afforestation and reforestation programs in South and South East Asia under the Clean Development Mechanism: Trends and development opportunities

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Why do foresters plant trees? Testing theories of bureaucratic decision-making in central India

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