Community Based Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation (CBEMR) in Indonesia

Community Based Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation (CBEMR) in Indonesia


While large-scale wetland/mangrove restoration projects have been successful worldwide efforts in Indonesia have largely failed. This is due to technical issues but also tenure issues. Considering pass projects and attempts, Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation (EMR) has been identified as a potential best practice for Indonesia.  

Goals & Method

This study tests the potential for EMR in Indonesia through small-scale projects, ranging from 12-33 ha in sites from the islands of Sumatera and Sulawesi. The projects aimed to improve hydrology and natural regeneration, restablish biodiversity in the mangrove habitats, develop community-based mangrove management regulations, and improve community awareness. 

Conclusion & Takeaways

The study found the small and medium scale Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation is effective in addressing the biophysical and socio-political issues underscoring mangrove forest degradation in Indonesia and that is should be considered for future rehabilitation projects. 


Brown, Ben, Ratna Fadillah, Yusran Nurdin, Iona Soulsby, and Rio Ahmad. "CASE STUDY: Community Based Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation (CBEMR) in Indonesia. From small (12-33 ha) to medium scales (400 ha) with pathways for adoption at larger scales (> 5000 ha)." SAPI EN. S. Surveys and Perspectives Integrating Environment and Society 7.2 (2014).


  • Canadian International Development Agency
  • Yayasan Konservasi Laut