Paying for Restoration

Paying for Restoration


The authors examine the payments for ecosystem services and review strategies for funding ecological restoration. They do so by conducting a literature review that is focused on two main questions:  "how should ecological and economic considerations be balanced in determining expenditures on restoration projects? how is society going to pay for the substantial costs involved?" 

Conclusions & TakeawaYs

The article concludes with a discussion on other considerations that need to be made when  developing strategies to pay for restoration, namely uncertainty, time‐scale, evaluating success, and regional planning.



Holl KD, Howarth RB. Paying for Restoration. Restoration Ecology. 2000;8:260–267. doi:10.1046/j.1526-100x.2000.80037.x.


  • Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, U.S.A.
  • Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, U.S.A.