Reforestation of an Indonesian Tropical Forest: The Win-Win Approach of a Private Japanese Firm
As one of Japan's largest forestry firms, Sumitomo Forestry Company, Ltd. provides a unique approach to a sector that is increasingly faced with pressures due to population and economic growth. This resource examines on initiative by the firm, the Sebulu experimental forest project in the eastern part of Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Goals & Methods
The goal of the study is to provide lessons from the Sebulu win-win approach. It begins by reviewing the functions of tropical forests and current causes of deforestation in Indonesia and then goes on to assess social forestry. The data used in this analysis were gathered from an existing survey and on-site interviews with farmers. Carbon sequestration from reforestation and research activities in the experimental forest that complement reforestation efforts also are discussed. The case study concludes by drawing lessons from the Sebulu experimental forest that are applicable to other developing countries.
Conclusions & Takeaways
Established in 1991, the project planted dipterocarp trees native to tropical Southeast Asia in order to best represent the original forest as well as fruit trees to help the local peoples. They have also encouraged the growth of natural saplings on areas of natural regeneration.By 1998, the company had established 405 hectares of plantation with 75% dipterocarp trees. The initiative also sought to support social forestry goals. Additionally, research into the carbon storage of the reforestation activities has become an interesting component of the project. The authors suggest that the Sebulu experimental forest has been on the "right path" to achieving its objectives and can be used as a successful model for reforestation projects initiated by private firms.
Kobayashi, N., Kato, H. 2002. Reforestation of an Indonesian Tropical Forest: The Win-Win Approach of a Private Japanese Firm; in Protecting the global environment: Initiatives by Japanese business, eds. W. Cruz, K. Fukui; J. Warford eds, World Bank, WBI Learning Resources Series. Washington, D.C., pp. 99-132.
- Sumitomo Forestry Co, Ltd;
- International Energy Agency