East Asia and Pacific

Potential of Agroforestry and Plantation Systems in Indonesia for Carbon Stocks: an Economic Perspective

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This article discusses the potential for carbon sequestration services in various agroforestry systems in Indonesia. The systems specifically discussed include shade based coffee (Coffea robusta), fruit based coffee, timber based coffee, rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), pinang (Areca catechu), mango (Mangifera indica), macang (Mangifera spp), candle nut (Aleurites moluccana), durian (Durio zibethinus), duku (Lansium domesticum), and sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) systems.

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Enrichment Planting in a Logged-Over Tropical Mixed Deciduous Forest of Laos

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This study evaluates enrichment planting using five native species planted in degraded (logged) forests in different arrangements.

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Biomass Equations for Tropical Tree Plantations Using Secondary Data from the Philippines

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This study advances models for biomass estimation of tropical forests using equations verified by sampling in Philippines plantations. Evidence-based, site-specific equations for biomass estimation can avoid the need for frequent destructive sampling.

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Community Based Forest Management in Cambodia and Laos

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This working document provides a comparison of community-based forest management (CBFM) in Cambodia and Laos. Some foundational factors distinguish the two countries, including governmental structure, population, ethnicities, and terrain. However, in both countries, a majority of the population lives in rural subsistence communities, with livelihoods often strongly dependent on forest use.

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Direct Seeding for Forest Restoration on Abandoned Agricultural Land in Northern Thailand

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One problem with using direct seeding in reforestation is the predation and desiccation of the seeds. In this research, authors tested the effect of scarification, burial, mulch application, and scarification with burial to determine the germination speed of four native species (Sapindus rarak, Lithocarpus elegans, Spondias axillaris, Erythrina subumbrans) in northern Thailand.

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Environmental Impacts of Community-Based Forest Management in the Philippines

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This article describes the history of the Community-Based Forest Management program in the Philippines. In the past century, over 70% of the Philippines' forests have been lost, and other existing lands degraded due to massive logging, extreme poverty, and shifting cultivation.

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Research Needs for Restoring Seasonal Tropical Forests in Thailand: Accelerated Natural Regeneration

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This study considers information needed to engage in accelerated natural regeneration (ANR) in Thailand as well as areas in need of future research.

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Restoration of former grazing lands in the highlands of Laos using direct seeding of four native tree species: Seedling establishment and growth performance

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Direct seeding has recently regained favor as a lower-cost alternative to planting seedlings for restoration of degraded or abandoned sites. This study reports the establishment and growth performance of 2 pioneer (Pinus kesiya and Schima wallichii) and 2 later-successional (Keteleeria everlyniana and Quercus serrata) native trees broadcasted or buried on former grazing lands in Laos.

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Ecological Considerations for Using Dipterocarps for Restoration of Lowland Rainforest in Southeast Asia

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In this article, the authors present ecological factors that should be considered when engaging in dipterocarp forest restoration in Southeast Asia. Because many dipterocarps are insect-pollinated, have poor seed dispersal, have low density of reproductive adults, and have recalcitrant seeds, planting of nursery-reared tree seedlings could increase the ability of dipterocarp forests to regenerate.

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Propagating Framework Trees to Restore Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in Northern Thailand

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One issue of concern in native species reforestation is the lack of information on propagation and nursery practices of native seeds and seedlings.

Research Goals & Methods

This research presents data on the germination and performance of ten native species that were formerly classified as possible "framework" species to be used in reforestation in northern Thailand.

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