Addressing Forest Degradation and Timber Deficits in Ghana

Addressing Forest Degradation and Timber Deficits in Ghana


This report combines the efforts of several studies to present suggestions for best practices in Ghanaian tree plantation systems in the context of the country’s 1996 Forest Development Master Plan, which aimed to reforest 10,000 hectares per year for 20 years. Both public and private plantation systems are discussed, including the country’s Modified Taungya System (MTS)which encourages small-scale plantations. The report presents information on planting schemes, policies, stakeholders, and worker income. 

conclusions & takeaways

The report provides suggestions improving the success of tree plantations that focus on providing income-generating opportunities for farmers. These include intercropping, multi-species plantations, non-timber forest products, etc. The report also proposes that professional support of investors and tree farmers would improve outcomes, and asserts that secure land tenure and harvesting rights are crucial for successful reforestation.


Insaidoo, T. F. G., Ros-Tonen, M. A. F., Acheampong, E., & Hoogenbosch, L. (2012). Addressing forest degradation and timber deficits in Ghana (ETFRN News 53: Moving Forward With Forest Governance) (pp. 230–239). Tropenbos International.


  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Tropenbos International, Kumasi, Ghana
  • University of Amterdam, the Netherlands