Small scale eucalyptus cultivation and its socioeconomic impacts in Ethiopia: A review of practices and conditions
In order to support growing populations in developing countries such as Ethiopia, people turn to fast-growing crop and timber species to support their livelihoods. Eucalyptus is introduced to Ethiopia for its fuel and construction as well as for its high growing rate and low maintenance costs. There is a current conflict around Eucalyptus cultivation, with many smallholder communities depending on it but clear environmental issues and expansion across farmland boundaries.
Goals and Methods
The authors conduct a literature review to understand the trends and impacts of Eucalyptus planting in Ethiopia, its contribution to livelihood, ecological impacts, and policies surrounding cultivation.
Conclusions and Takeaways
Eucalyptus, introduced to reduce the wood demand for fuel and construction, is a popular cultivar of smallholder tree farmers in Ethiopia. It has major social, economic, and ecological impacts on the area. Cultivation of the species has influenced water pathways and soil nutrients, as well as reduced the habitat availability for wildlife. The authors claim that the positive impacts on people of Eucalyptus farming may outweigh the negative ecological impacts if management practices are improved. They suggest higher government involvement in the Eucalyptus market to give greater attention to farming practices and proper land use planning to allow people to continue building their livelihoods.
Small scale eucalyptus cultivation and its socioeconomic impacts in Ethiopia: A review of practices and conditions. Trees, Forests and People. 2022;8:100269. doi:10.1016/j.tfp.2022.100269..