Non-Timber Forest Products

Manual práctico: biofertilización y bioprotección de cafe (Coffea arabica) con aplicación de hongos micorrízicos arbusculares

El desarrollo de tecnología sobre la biofertilización en plantas clonales micorrizadas de café podría constituir un sistema más eficiente para el incremento de los rendimientos por hectárea, control de plagas y enfermedades.  Este sistema emplea tecnologías limpias para el medio ambiente, mejorando la fertilidad de los suelos, buscando reducir los costos de producción y mejorar los niveles productivos de las fincas cafetaleras. Este manual esta dirigido a todos los productores cafetaleros de la región amazonica de San Martín y el resto del Perú, para mejorar e incrementar la productividad de los cafetales, basados en las variedades caturra, pache y nacional y haciendo uso de consorcios micorrízicos eficientes en la biofertilización y bioprotección de plantones de café.

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Técnicas de cosecha y manejo postcosecha de frutos de aguaje

La depredación Indiscriminada de la que vienen siendo objeto las plantaciones naturales de aguaje, por las prácticas de extracción (tumbado de palmeras) que se utilizan para cosechar los frutos, está trayendo como consecuencia la disminución de la población femenina de esta especie y probablemente, la de algunos ecotipos o variedades. Estas practicas atentan contra la regeneración natural de la especie y hoy en dia es cada vez mas dificil encontrar estas plantaciones cerca de los centros poblados. La guía recopila las ventajas y desventajas de las diferentes técnicas de cosecha expuestas en talleres de capacitación en campo, resaltándose dos técnicas de cosecha seleccionadas por los agricultores que participaron en los talleres.

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Soil Biological Activity, Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Modified Coffee Agroforestry Systems in Mexico

Background

Coffee agroforestry systems bring a plethora of economic, social, and ecological benefits. Specifically, they aid soil biological activity. In Mexico, due to cost and production challenges, coffee is being replaced by avocado plantations. The impact of coffee agroforestry systems on specific soil biological characteristics and processes is not fully understood. Nor are the impacts of avocado plantations on soil biological activity.

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Shaded-Coffee: A Nature-Based Strategy for Coffee Production Under Climate Change? A Review

Background

Coffee agroforestry systems are a natural climate solution that are used to reduce the impact of coffee cultivation on ecosystem health. Coffee generates over $200 billion in income globally each year, so ensuring the efficiency and success of cultivation is crucial for human livelihood. Coffee agroforestry systems are often variable, and there lacks a compiled knowledge base about these systems and practices.

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Small scale eucalyptus cultivation and its socioeconomic impacts in Ethiopia: A review of practices and conditions

Background

In order to support growing populations in developing countries such as Ethiopia, people turn to fast-growing crop and timber species to support their livelihoods. Eucalyptus is introduced to Ethiopia for its fuel and construction as well as for its high growing rate and low maintenance costs. There is a current conflict around Eucalyptus cultivation, with many smallholder communities depending on it but clear environmental issues and expansion across farmland boundaries.

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Tropical fruit production depends on wild insect communities: bees and lychees in Thailand

Background

Most of the agricultural crops around the world depend on wild animal/insect pollination. Insect pollination is the most common in tropical regions, and is something that tropical tree fruits such as the native Asian lychee (Litchi chinensis). The roles of wild insects on lychee production in northern Thailand has not yet been evaluated.

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The ecology and management of the Miombo woodlands for sustainable livelihoods in southern Africa: the case for non-timber forest products

BACKGROUND

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Management of non-timber forestry products extraction: Local institutions, ecological knowledge and market structure in South-Eastern Zimbabwe

BACKGROUND

Sengwe communal lands, in South East Zimbabwe were used to examine how they manage non timber forest products (NTFPs) as a common pool resource in that area. The area consists of five wards, of which four are communally owned. The government has a protected area engulfed by the local communal property system; both communal and state property regimes are involved in the management of certain resources.

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Pest management through tropical tree conservation

Background

Deforestation and crop monocultures in Veracruz, Mexico are leading to the disappearance of indigenous trees and the animal species that depend on them. This is particularly troubling to local agricultural workers who benefit from species like hymenopteran parasitoids that attack pest fruit flies. This research evaluates the relationship between hymenopteran parasitoids, pest fruit flies and their fruit hosts and proposes potential strategies for conservation and pest management.

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Biofuels: The Impact of Oil Palm on Forests and Climate

Background

This publication summarizes the proceedings of a 2009 conference held Singapore titled "Biofuels: The Impact of Oil Palm on Forests and Climate". With the emergence of palm oil industry, particularly in Asia, there has been a strong debate concerning the ability of this and other biofuels to reduce greenhouse gases but also its contribution to large-scale land conversion. This conference aimed to bring together experts from various fields to discuss potential solutions or alternatives to the industry. The report summarizes the opening remarks of the conference along with four panels, each of which were based on a specific question.  

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