Bangladesh

Social Capital in Biodiversity Conservation and Management

Background

The article begins with a description of the opposing views of the roles of smallholders in conservation strategies.  On the one hand they directly use resources that external agencies attempt to protect, on the other hand these people have intimate knowledge of these systems.  Thus leading to the question, “Could local people play a greater role in biodiversity conservation and management?” (Pretty, 2004).

Open access copy available

Climate Resilient Participatory Afforestation and Reforestation Project

BACKGROUND

The project takes place in one of the most densely-populated agrarian countries in the world, Bangladesh, which has also been facing the problem of high rates of deforestation. In the last three decades, Bangladesh’s forest cover has declined by 2.1 percent per year. On the other hand, the country is highly vulnerable to natural disasters such as storms, floods and drought. The lower part of Bangladesh adjoining the Bay of Bengal is particularly prone to frequent tropical cyclones, storm surges and salinity intrusion.  Climate change models suggest that the intensity of super cyclonic events will further increase over the coming decades.

Open access copy available

Restoring working forests in human dominated landscapes of tropical South Asia: An introduction

Background

The resource issues around restoring human dominated landscapes in tropical South Asia are complex and can be divided into topics concerning forest fragmentation and restoration. This review article discusses key subjects in forest fragmentation and restoration in South Asia.

Available with subscription or purchase

Monitoring Mangrove Forest Dynamics of the Sundarbans in Bangladesh and India using Multi-Temporal Satellite Data from 1973 to 2000

Background

In the Sundurbans of India and Bangladesh, the authors measured the extent and condition of the mangrove forest at three intervals using GeoCover datasets (Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+) with the goal of assessing the current extent of the remaining forest, measuring change in the extent of the forest in different time periods, and identifying areas of intensive deforestation or degradation and changes in patterns of canopy density.

Available with subscription or purchase

Afforestation and Reforestation Projects in South and South-East Asia Under the Clean Development Mechanism: Trends and Development Opportunities

background

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was created as part of the 2007 Kyoto Protocol to assist countries in achieving both development and sustainability. Afforestation and reforestation (AR) projects are a part of the CDM protocal, but can be challenging to implement and measure.

research goals & methods

This study reports on survey results regarding CDM-AR projects. Surveys were conducted in South and South-east Asia of both (i) experts and (ii) developers, investors, and consultants.

Open access copy available

Quantitative Assessment of People-Oriented Forestry in Bangladesh: A Case Study in the Tangail Forest Division

background

This research evaluates the profitability of three different types of plantation - strip, agroforestry, and woodlot - grown via a people-oriented forestry program in Bangladesh.

Research Goals & Methods

This research is based on case study analysis and utilizes participant interviews, focus group discussions, and analyzing annual costs from the Tangail Divisional Forest office.  From this data, the researchers were able to describe net present values and benfit-cost ratios.

Available with subscription or purchase

Participatory Forestry as a Strategy for Reforestation in Bangladesh

background

This article describes Bangladesh's history of reforestation programs, notes the rarity of their success, and provides suggestions for future programs.

Available with subscription or purchase

A Unified Framework for the Restoration of Southeast Asian Mangroves: Bridging Ecology, Society and Economics

background

Tropical mangroves are some of the most dynamic and productive tropical ecosystems, but also most threatened. Mangrove restoration efforts are underway to restore the structure, function, and ecosystem services of mangroves, but often these projects fail.

Open access copy available

Dalbergia Sissoo Mortality in Bangladesh Plantations: Correlations with Environmental and Management Parameters

background

This research seeks to correlate environmental and plantation conditions with the widespread mortality of Dalbergia sissoo trees planted in Bangladesh.

Goals & Methods

In order to understand the relationship between D. sissoo mortality and environmental and plantation characteristics, the authors examined 72 mixed plantations across five districts in Bangladesh. 

Available with subscription or purchase

Perceptions of Biodiversity, Environmental Services, and Conservation of Planted Mangroves: A Case Study on Nijhum Dwip Island, Bangladesh

background

Open access copy available
Subscribe to Bangladesh