Brazil

Burning Biodiversity: Fuelwood Harvesting Causes Forest Degradation in Human-Dominated Tropical Landscapes

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Interactions among Amazon Land Use, Forests and Climate: Prospects for a Near-Term Forest Tipping Point

Background

This study concerns the interaction of anthropogenic and natural threats on the Amazon forest and considers the possibility of a tipping point in the near future. The authors argue that the interaction of various factors may lead to a large-scale forest dieback, for example a deforestation of about 31% of the Amazon closed-canopy forest formation.

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Management of the environmental restoration of degraded areas

Background

This study shares the results of an experimental method for restoration of degraded forest areas through the construction of small restoration ‘islands’ within a larger site as an impetus for further natural regeneration. The method has previously been used in Namibia and Spain and is trademarked as Revitec. This study tests the method in Brazil in a former rainforest area. Rainforest fragments remain in the area.

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Effects of Fragmentation of the Atlantic Forest on Mammal Communities in South-Eastern Brazil

Background

The author presents a detailed analysis of the community of large and medium-sized mammals present in six remnants of the low Atlantic forest in Brazil. The six remnants had varying sizes: small (200 ha), medium (2,000 ha) and large (20,000 ha). The study seeks to (1) identify the mammal species richness and the relative abundance of individuals surviving in each reserve, and (2) analyze changes in the structure of the mammal community contrasting the relative abundances of orders and dietary categories between reserves of differing sizes.

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Ecological Restoration of Xingu Basin Headwaters: Motivations, Engagement, Challenges and Perspectives

Background

This paper focuses on the Brazilian Amazon, specifically on the Xingu River Basin. It identifites deforestation as a threat to the Xingu River and a driver of environmental degradation.

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Biodiversity Persistence in Highly Human-modified Tropical Landscapes Depends on Ecological Restoration

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This paper shows how forest restoration can enhance biodiversity using case studies from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. 

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Finding the money for tropical forest restoration

Background

Forest in tropical countries have experienced significant changes due to human activity, shifting primarily to agricultural or urban lands. This change not only leads to loss of biodiversity but it also affects the supply of valubale forest products and ecosystem services. This study calls for a shift in rhetoric in forest restoration to go beyond a conservation agenda and to include economic benefits. The article discusses the economic dimensions of forest restoration to justify their claim, drawing heavily on experience in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. 

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Multiple-Use Forest Management in the Humid Tropics: Opportunities and Challenges for Sustainable Forest Management

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This report documents three regional assessments that were carried out between 2009 and 2012 to identify and draw lessons from on-the-ground initiatives in multiple-use forest management (MFM) in the Amazon Basin, the Congo Basin and Southeast Asia. 

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Instrumentos legais podem contribuir para restauração de florestas tropicais biodiversas (Legal instruments can enhance high-diversity tropical forest restoration)

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Impacto econômico da reserva legal sobre diferentes tipos de unidades de produção agropecuária (Economic impact of the legal reserve on different types of agricultural and cattle production units)

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