General

Tropical Tree Seed Manual

BACKGROUND

This manual provides information on seed biology, storage, germination and pathology of native trees in neotropics. The second part provides detailed factsheets for 167 tropical tree species.  It provides over 600 pages of species specific descriptions including scientific names, common names, occurrence and geographic range, growth habits, flowering and fruiting, collection of fruits/seeds, extraction and cleaning, storage, pre-germination treatments, germination tests, nursery practices, seedling care, any other information.

Open access copy available

Large-scale Ecological Restoration of Degraded Tropical Forest Lands: The Potential Role of Timber Plantations

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This study offers suggestions for how timber plantations can be designed to yield timber and improve biodiversity on cleared and degraded lands.

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Regreening the Bare Hills- Tropical Forest Restoration in the Asia-Pacific Region (Overview)

Background

In this book, the author addresses various concepts and techniques for reforestation in the deforested areas of the Asia-Pacific Region.

Open access copy available

Promoting Biodiversity Co-Benefits in REDD

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This article describes the potential for maximizing biodiversity conservation as a co-benefit of REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation).

Open access copy available

The Global Conservation Status of Mangroves

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This research evaluates mangrove stands in 16 countries and island states throughout the neo- and paleotropics. Relying on site visits, the authors evaluate the local impacts on mangroves and the attitudes toward mangroves.

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Site and species selection — Changing perspectives

Background

Plantation forestry in the tropics today is characterized by increasing refinement of matching species with site and increasing emphasis on non-industrial purposes for growing trees. This perspective comments on the increased number of objectives that a tropical forester or scientist is called upon to fulfill.

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Rationale and Methods for Conserving Biodiversity in Plantation Forests

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When compared to degraded lands, developed lands, or areas of intensive industrial agriculture, forest plantations can positively contribute to biodiversity conservation. However, when monoculture stands of exotic trees, or native trees not typically found in single-species stands are used for plantations, they have been found to have impoverished flora and fauna compared with natural forest.

Open access copy available

Rationales and Practices of Mangrove Afforestation

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This research presents guidelines for the site selection and planting of mangroves in tropical coastal areas.

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Ecology of Mangrove Growth and Recovery in the Lesser Antilles: State of Knowledge and Basis for Restoration Projects

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This article reviews the available information pertaining to mangrove ecology and restoration in the Lesser Antilles. On the islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe, mangrove species form monospecific vegetation belts parallel the shore. They follow an ecological gradient based on salinity and drainage, with the most halophylic being the Avicennia species followed by Rhizophora mangle and Conocarpus erectus, then Laguncularia racemosa with a lower salinity tolerance. In 1986 an experimental oil spill was created to study the ability of mangroves to regrow on polluted soil.

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When and Where to Actively Restore Ecosystems?

Background

While conservation efforts around the world have focused on restoring degraded ecosystems to provide ecosystem services and benefit biodiversity, yet there has been an increasing recognition that certain ecosystems can rapidly recover without human intervention. This paper examines the question: what cases and to what extent should humans actively facilitate ecosystem recovery?

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