Local Livelihoods

Árboles y arbustos nativos potencialmente valiosos para la restauración ecológica y la reforestación (Trees and shrubs potentially valuable for ecological restoration and reforestation)

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antecedentes

El presente trabajo incluye información de especies leñosas con potencial para su uso en programas de desarrollo agroforestal, ecología de la restauración y reforestación.

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National Potential and Priority Maps for Tree-Based Landscape Restoration in Ethiopia

background

This technical report was created by Ethiopia's Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MEFCC) and the World Resources Institute (WRI) as a first step in Ethiopia's large-scale forest restoration efforts aimed to improve livelihoods and address climate change. 

Open access copy available

Restoration of Degraded Tropical Forest Landscapes

Background

Deforestation and the declining extent of tropical forests has negatively impacted ecosystem functions, services, and goods and has disproportionately harmed the rural poor of tropical countries. In the wake of deforestation, agricultural development and traditional methods of reforestation (plantations) have largely failed to provide sustainable livelihoods. This review article assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different tropical restoration methods to combat forest degredation and address rural poverty.

Open access copy available

Reforesting “Bare Hills” in Vietnam: Social and Environmental Consequences of the 5 Million Hectare Reforestation Program

Background

Large-scale rehabilitation and reforestation of Vietnam has been promoted by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, but unexpected outcomes have, in some cases, harmed local communities. Within this case study from northern Vietnam, lands classified as "barren hills" actually contained a number of economically-important nontimber products which local communities and individuals, particularly poor households and women, were reliant on. These nontimber products included fuelwood, medicines, construction material, food, and pasture. 

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Learning from Change in the Sangha Tri-National Landscape

Background

The authors discuss the lessons learned from a participatory landscape monitoring initiative in the Sangha Tri-National landscape. The initiative was started in 2006 in the Sangha Tri-National landscape; it involved a variety of stakeholders to monitor changes in peoples' livelihoods and land uses. The group collected data on certain indicators, which allowed them to produce simple simulation models on landscape change over time. 

Open access copy available

Les sociétés rurales et les pratiques d’utilisation multiple des terres (Rural societies and land-use practices)

This chapter focuses on rural poverty in central Africa and the contribution of multiple land use practices to local development.

The authors discuss the paradox of belonging to an area that is on the one hand extremely rich in natural resources, and on the other hand extremely poor in national and local development.

They stress the importance of maintaining globally important natural resources that will be able to respond to the needs of future generations of central Africans.

 

Open access copy available

Contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products to Cash and Non-Cash Income of Remote Forest Communities in Central Africa

Background

The authors investigate the contribution of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) to local community incomes within jointly-managed forest landscapes in Central Africa.

Research Goals & Methods

Data were collected from Bantu and indigenous persons' (IP) households using the Poverty-Forests Linkages Toolkit method. 

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Stakeholders and Tropical Reforestation: Challenges, Trade-Offs, and Strategies in Dynamic Environments

Background

The authors recognize that reforestation efforts require trade-offs, yet they claim that successful efforts requires stakeholder engagement beyond the planning stages and the acknowledgement that stakeholder dynamics, interests, and roles change over time. To support this claim, the authors first do a relevant literature review and then the examine a single case study of a multi-stakeholder workshop in Mexico. 

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Impacts of Large-Scale Forest Restoration on Socioeconomic Status and Local Livelihoods: What We Know and Do Not Know

Background

This literature review focuses on the practice of Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR), which has been proposed as an approach to forest restoration that takes local livelihoods into account. The review addresses a lack of understanding of how FLR impacts local livelihoods on a large scale, delivers a conceptual framework for evaluating the effects of large-scale restoration on local livelihoods, and then use this framework to conduct a literature review. 

 

Open access copy available

Disappearing Forests in Malawi: Causes and Solutions

Background

Malawi has experienced rapid population growth coupled with soil erosion, land degradation, deforestation, hunger, and poverty. While it appears these trends are related, the author argues that the causes are more complex. 

Open access copy available
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