Funding

Decentralized Payments for Environmental Services: The cases of Pimampiro and PROFAFOR in Ecuador

background

This article describes two payment for environmental services (PES) programs in Ecuador which, unlike programs run in other countries, are run by decentralized organizations: Pimampiro municipal watershed-protection scheme and PROFAFOR carbon-sequestration programme.

Research Goals & Methods

The authors conduct interviews, community workshops, and collect socioeconomic data to evaluate the programs for additionality (adding to conservation), welfare or poverty alleviation, and the control of leakage.

Available with subscription or purchase

Can Native Tree Species Plantations in Panama Compete with Teak Plantations? An Economic Estimation

background

Panama has high rates of primary forest conversion, resulting in depleted timber resources. In response, the timber plantation industry is growing to meet demand, often with non-native species. This study compares the economic feasibility of using native tree species vs non-native species for plantation forestry.

Open access copy available

Ulu Masen REDD+ initiative, Aceh, Indonesia

Background

The area of the Ulu Masen Conservation Area has been degraded due to an illegal logging boom after the tsunami as well as increasing agricultural expansion. The Ulu Masen REDD+ initiative was developed by the Government of Aceh (GoA) to address these issues.

Open access copy available

Value and Risks of Expiring Carbon Credits from Afforestation and Reforestation Projects under the CDM

background

One of the main concerns with afforestation and reforestation being part of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the issue of liability about the length and quality of the project (the risk of the forest or plantation being harvested or otherwise destroyed). To account for the non-permanent carbon storage of afforestation and reforestation projects, Credits for Emissions Reductions (CERs) can expire.

Available with subscription or purchase

Institutional Dimensions of Payments for Ecosystem Services: An Analysis of Mexico's carbon Forestry Programme

background

In recent years, Mexico has established a payment for environmental service (PES) program where governments pay rural communities and farmers for environmental service provisions: water quality, carbon fixation, biodiversity, etc. These PES programs have been more effective when designed by both providers and users collaboratively. In 2004, the Mexican government developed the program Payments for Carbon, Biodiversity and Agro-forestry Services (PSA-CABSA).

Available with subscription or purchase

UNFCCC Negotiations (pre-Kyoto to COP-9): What the Process Says about the Politics of CDM-Sinks

background

Available with subscription or purchase

Poverty reduction in the Doi Mae Salong Landscape

Background

The Doi Mae Salong Landscape has experienced deragadation in ecosystem services due to a variety of reasons along with the significant poverty and high risk to climatic variations. The IUCN partnered with the Supreme Commander’s Office of the Royal Thai Armed Forces to pursue forest restoration and support local livelihoods. The program ran from 2010 to 2013 in the Chiang Rai Province of Thailand.

Open access copy available

ArBolivia Reforestation Project

BACKGROUND

ArBolivia is a social enterprise solution to deforestation in the Bolivian Amazon, which is driven by poverty and poor land management in the form of slash and burn subsistence farming.  The mission of the ArBolivia Reforestation project was to reforest 6000 ha of farmland to restore forest, sequester carbon, and provide a new source of income for rural people. The project began in 2007 through a partnership with the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) reforestation pilot, the Dutch investment company Sicirec, and a Bolivian sustainable agroforestry NGO called CETEFOR.

Open access copy available

Indonesia Reforestation Project

Background

Based in Tokyo, Japan, Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance Company has a sustainability branch that pioneers environmental activities around the world. One of these activities is a tropical reforestation project in the Republic of Indonesia, which began in 2005. This project mainly takes place in the Yogyakarta Special Province Wildlife Reserve Restoration and Recovery in Java.

Open access copy available

A Financial Analysis of Small-Scale Tropical Reforestation with Native Species in Costa Rica

Background

This article describes the financial expenses and revenues incurred by the 15th year of a small native species plantation in Costa Rica.

research goals & methods

Forecasting models incorporate growth patterns, production costs, and wood prices to determine the net present value and internal rate of return for the project.

Open access copy available
Subscribe to Funding